The Dominicans’ Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas, more popularly known as “the Angelicum” in honor of the “Angelic Doctor of the Church,” is the only pontifical university in Rome that offers a full first-cycle, three-year program (similar to a bachelor’s degree program) in English—but some college education before going to Rome is usually necessary.
Students learn Italian during this first cycle and usually continue toward a Vatican-approved license degree (after about five years) or a doctoral degree (after about eight years and a dissertation). The Angelicum recently announced an English-language graduate-level program in ecumenism, the John Paul II Interreligious Program.
The sponsoring Order of Preachers is known for their orthodoxy and expertise in Thomistic philosophy. Most of the faculty are Dominican priests, and about 80 priests live on campus. The faculty includes Fr. Wojciech Giertych, O.P., Theologian of the Papal Household, and Pope John Paul II famously was a student of the Angelicum.
The chancellor (Gran Cancelliere) is Fr. Bruno Cadoré, O.P., a French bioethicist and Master of the Order of Preachers since 2010. Fr. Miroslav Konstanc Adam, O.P., became rector (Rector Magnificus) of the Angelicum in May 2012, after serving as dean of the faculty of canon law.
The Angelicum has a broadly international student body, with about 1,200 students from 100 countries—especially the United States, India, Italy, and Poland. In 2011-12, 43 percent of the nearly 700 theology students and 18 percent of the nearly 180 philosophy students were from North America. Depending on the program, roughly 20 to 25 percent of the students are lay persons.
The 2012-2013 tuition price for the STB degree is a bargain relative to American colleges (U.S. dollars as of September 2012): €1,620 ($2,134) for the first year, €1,625 ($2,141) for the second year, and €1,960 ($2,582) for the third year. There are some additional fees that may apply. Food and housing are relatively expensive and arranged independently by the student, although the university’s student affairs office will make recommendations for housing.
The Angelicum does not offer an integrated liberal arts curriculum; from the outset, students specialize in particular disciplines. American students will often study at least a couple of years at a college in the United States, and such prior study may be necessary: admission to the first-cycle program requires two years of prior study in philosophy. The Angelicum’s philosophy department offers an intensive one-year program that satisfies this requirement, but only students who have at least three years of a college education can take advantage of the one-year course.
Students who have earned a bachelor’s degree in the U.S. and want to pursue a graduate-level degree at the Angelicum will often need to take more philosophy or theology courses to obtain a pontifical bachelor’s degree.
The philosophy department—and to some extent the entire faculty—concentrates on the writings of Thomas Aquinas and Thomistic philosophers. Students wanting to study a greater variety of philosophical approaches will often complete the first cycle and then transfer elsewhere for advanced studies.
To earn the bachelor’s degree, philosophy students complete three years of coursework and must demonstrate mastery of Latin. The courses consider basic philosophical themes—man, God and the world—as well as the history of philosophy, with exposure to philosophers’ original works. The program includes courses in psychology and logic. Students attend class for about 15 to 18 hours per week, not including supplemental studies in Latin for students who need it.
First-cycle theology students take introductory courses in fundamental theology, moral theology, spirituality, and even Church archaeology and history. A series of courses study the mystery of salvation according to St. Thomas Aquinas’ Summa Theologiae
. Specialized courses focus on grace, virtue and contemporary social justice issues. Students begin to learn New Testament Greek and biblical Hebrew.
The Angelicum’s other departments are canon law and social sciences. The latter is focused primarily on development in poorer countries, with mostly East European students and some Africans and Americans.
Although the former monastery that houses the Angelicum is quaint, the facilities are older and less well-equipped than American college students are used to. Also, Italian tariffs make books published outside the country extremely expensive, and so students are not permitted to borrow books from the library. Instead, they are encouraged to read in the library, or pages can be photocopied. Many of the books are in Italian and other languages; few are in English. A consortium allows students to access books at all the pontifical universities in Rome.
The school year is somewhat later than the standard American year. Classes begin in mid-October and run through the end of May.
With so many priests around, it is not surprising that the Angelicum offers many opportunities for Mass, regular confessions, and spiritual counseling. But because students do not live on the campus, the most popular Masses are at midday during the week. Most students attend daily and Sunday Mass elsewhere.
The University also offers little by way of student activities and culture. There is no residential campus, and only the Dominicans live on campus.
Most lay students rent or lease apartments in the historical district of Rome; the quaint Trastevere district is increasingly popular among university students for housing and nightlife. Some students prefer the beach towns about an hour away, which offer low-cost rental housing during the off-season. The university’s Office of Student Affairs helps students with information on affordable and available housing.
The Angelicum lies just on the eastern edge of the historic district of Rome, a safe area of the city with restaurants and shops nearby. The campus is easily accessible by subway and buses. Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport is about an hour’s drive from the Angelicum.
The Bottom Line
The appeal of studying in Rome is undeniable—at the Dominicans’ pontifical university, no less. The Angelicum offers an impressive and rigorous curriculum for students who are prepared to specialize in philosophy or theology, and to enjoy living independently in one of Europe’s most magnificent cities. And the price is right.
American students will need to carefully consider the substantial courses required before beginning the first-cycle program, the lack of a residential campus, and the absence of a liberal arts core outside of theology and philosophy. But if study at the Angelicum seems appropriate, students will find a faithful Catholic program awaiting them in the heart of the Eternal City.